Forms of discrimination

Discrimination comes in many forms. however the way I suggest thinking about this is to consider how you feel about the behavior and how it makes you feel about your condition, your worth, yourself. To make a complaint of discrimination, place a formal complaint to the company and once complete, they are required to advise on where you are able to appeal the decision, which ombudsman or tribunal to progress to. 

There are several types of Discrimination, as follows:

  • Direct Discrimination 

​It's unlawful to discriminate against people who have 'protected characteristics', IC is considered a disability and treating someone less favourably because of this attribute is known as direct discrimination. This can be when an organisation's practices, policies or procedures have the effect of disadvantaging people who share certain protected characteristics.As well as if you're treated less favourably because a colleague, associate, family member or friend has a protected characteristic, that is direct discrimination by association. 

  • Indirect Discrimination

This form of discrimination arises when you are put at an action takes place that is not directly related to your condition, but still impacts it, putting you at an unfair disadvantage.

  • Failures to make reasonable adjustments

​Your employer, supplier, contract provider, local authority, school or others, might have to make adjustments to help you to carry out the service as well as someone without a disability. The Equality Act 2010 calls these ‘reasonable adjustments’. They can be changes to policies, working practices or physical layouts, or providing extra equipment or support. You are not required to make any payments for these adjustments and if you feel you need these but don't know what might help, you may wish to request an occupational health assessment in in regards to your employer. If the requested adjustments are not made, and you believe this is unreasonable for your disability, this may be considered discrimination. 

  • Harassment

​This means people cannot treat you in a way that violates your dignity, or creates a hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment. For example, unwelcomed conduct that can include: 

  • Offensive jokes

  • Intimidation

  • Demeaning comments

  • Physical assaults or threats

  • Ridicule, insults or threats

  • Display of objects or pictures

  • Victimisation

​This means people cannot treat you unfairly if you are taking action under the Equality Act (like making a complaint of discrimination), or if you are supporting someone else who is doing so. For example, an employee makes a complaint of discrimination or harrassment at work and faces retaliation, is acted against or dismissed as a consequence.

It is important to remember that in a small number of cases, discrimination may not be unlawful if an employer that can show that real and reasonable consideration was given to the law as well as the economic needs of running a business or similar significant factors. Though you certainly know how it made you feel; you know how it impacted your life from the consideration you are giving. If the only argument from the respondent is that it's more expensive not to discriminate then that's unjustified.


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